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Graphene

Above:  Graphene® is now a registered service mark in the 31 countries depicted in green colour, 28 in the European Union plus Turkey, Macedonia and Serbia.  A territory inhabited (2011) by 592 millions of people, served by thousands of Food and Beverage Bottling Companies

December 13, 2013

The EU Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) of the European Union endorsed without any opposition all of the requests of registration of the service mark Graphene.  

Graphene has been endorsed 112 Nice codes of activity, valid in the 31 countries depicted in green colour in the map above, 28 yet part of the EU, plus new entries Turkey, Macedonia and Serbia.  An area totalling 592 millions of inhabitants in 2011.  The registration, valid until April 23, 2023 is published in the Bulletin of the European Union 228/2013. 


Above:  the 8-months timeline followed by Graphene, Lda. to obtain the registration of the service mark Graphene® 





































































































The EU classifies the activities of Graphene as Service categories:  EN-35,  EN-37,  EN-39,  EN-41 and EN-42.  The list of Service activities and related Technologies for which Graphene requested the Service Mark, adopting the OHIM updated wording of Nice Classification, accounts for:


Nice Classification:            39

List of goods and services:       

  1. Bottling services.


Nice Classification:            42

List of goods and services:             

  1. Analysis and evaluation of products and services with respect to possible future applications; 
  2. analysis and evaluation of product development; 
  3. scientific analysis; 
  4. updating of computer software; 
  5. calibration (measuring); 
  6. compilation of computer programs; 
  7. design of diagnostic apparatus and equipment; 
  8. design of computer hardware, software and computer peripherals; 
  9. design of machines, apparatus and instruments; 
  10. computer system design and analysis; 
  11. design and development of data entry systems; 
  12. design and development of testing and analysis methods; 
  13. design and development of new technology for others; 
  14. design and development of computer software for evaluation and calculation of data; 
  15. design, development, maintenance and updating of computer software for process control; 
  16. configuration, installation, fault diagnosis, repair, upgrading and maintenance of computer software; 
  17. consultancy relating to technical and scientific analysis; engineering and scientific consultancy; 
  18. consultancy relating to laboratory testing; quality control of goods; 
  19. providing technical advice in the field of scientific and industrial research; 
  20. providing information in the field of product design; 
  21. providing information in the field of product development; 
  22. inspection of goods for quality control; 
  23. installation, maintenance, updating and upgrading of computer software;
  24. research and development for others; 
  25. scientific research and development; 
  26. technical research; 
  27. provision of information and data relating to scientific and technological research and development; 
  28. computer programming for data processing;
  29. programming of data processing programs; 
  30. programming of computer software for evaluation and calculation of data;
  31. conducting of quality control tests; 
  32. conducting of quality control tests on goods and services; 
  33. scientific and technological services and research; 
  34. analysis and testing services relating to electrical engineering apparatus;
  35. industrial analysis services; 
  36. computer-aided industrial analysis services; 
  37. computer-aided industrial design, research, testing and analysis services;
  38. technical testing and quality control services; 
  39. research services for the development of new products; 
  40. technical measuring and testing services; 
  41. research, testing and analysis services; 
  42. technical measuring and testing laboratory services; 
  43. computer-aided scientific research services; 
  44. laboratory research and analysis services; 
  45. research and development services relating to measuring and regulating technology; 
  46. research, development, analysis and consultancy services in the field of engineering; 
  47. conducting sampling and analysis services to check for contamination;
  48. computer-aided testing services; 
  49. quality control testing and consultancy relating thereto; 
  50. quality control testing services for industrial machinery; 
  51. testing services for the certification of quality standards.



Nice Classification:           37

List of goods and services:      

  1. Providing advice relating to installation, maintenance and repair services; 
  2. providing information relating to the installation of electrical apparatus; 
  3. providing information relating to the installation of machinery; 
  4. providing information relating to the repair or maintenance of laboratory apparatus and instruments; 
  5. providing information relating to the repair or maintenance of measuring and testing machines; 
  6. providing information relating to the repair or maintenance of electronic machines and apparatus; 
  7. providing information relating to the repair or maintenance of optical machines and instruments; 
  8. providing information relating to repair and installation services; 
  9. repair information; installation and maintenance of electronic apparatus; 
  10. installation and maintenance of industrial plant and equipment; 
  11. installation, maintenance and repair of electronic control apparatus; 
  12. installation, maintenance and repair of quality control apparatus; 
  13. installation, maintenance and repair of measuring apparatus; 
  14. installation, maintenance and repair of measuring, signalling and monitoring apparatus and instruments; 
  15. installation, maintenance and repair of weighing apparatus; 
  16. installation, maintenance and repair of regulating, monitoring and control apparatus;
  17. installation, maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic apparatus and equipment; 
  18. installation, maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic measuring and testing apparatus and instruments; 
  19. installation, maintenance and repair of electrical devices; 
  20. installation, maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic apparatus for use in the field of automation; 
  21. installation, maintenance and repair of electronic monitoring apparatus; 
  22. installation, maintenance and repair of electronic data processing apparatus;
  23. installation, maintenance and repair of computer hardware for electronic data processing systems; 
  24. installation, maintenance and repair of hardware for data processing apparatus; 
  25. installation, maintenance and repair of packaging machines; 
  26. installation, maintenance and repair of container filling machines; 
  27. installation, maintenance and repair of filling machines; installation, maintenance and repair of printing machines; 
  28. installation, maintenance and repair of industrial machinery; 
  29. installation, maintenance and repair of automation systems; 
  30. maintenance of printing machines and digital printing systems; 
  31. maintenance of industrial machinery; repair of electrical equipment; 
  32. repair of industrial machinery; 
  33. repair and maintenance of electronic apparatus; 
  34. repair and maintenance of hardware for data processing apparatus; 
  35. repair and maintenance of electronic installations; 
  36. repair and maintenance of industrial machinery; 
  37. repair or maintenance of laboratory apparatus and instruments and providing information relating thereto; 
  38. repair or maintenance of electronic machines and apparatus; 
  39. repair or maintenance of optical machines and instruments and providing information relating thereto; 
  40. machinery retrofit and conversion services; 
  41. interference suppression in electrical apparatus.




Nice Classification:              35

List of goods and services:           

  1. Lifecycle costing; 
  2. cost price analysis regarding waste disposal, removal, handling and recycling.

CloudFlare® Content Delivery Network

Cloudflare® Content Delivery Network


June 21, 2013     

Graphene joined the Pro level of the CloudFlare® global network.  CloudFlare is a massive Cloud Network based on 28 data centers distributed in 16 countries:

  • Australia, 
  • Austria, 
  • Canada, 
  • Czech Republic, 
  • France, 
  • Germany, 
  • Hong Kong, 
  • Japan, Poland, 
  • Singapore, 
  • South Korea, 
  • Sweden, 
  • The Netherlands, 
  • United Kingdom,
  • United States of America.   

CloudFlare® provides dynamic web badges whose colour changes depending on the status of the access of the website (and, inherent safeties for the accessing Visitor) on CloudFlare. Please, refer to the  badge in the lower left side of each web page. If your connection to this Website is: 

  • based on CloudFlare, the cloud in the badge will be of orange colour;
  • not based on CloudFlare, the cloud in the badge will merge with it.












CloudFlare protects from malwares and accelerates the downloading of the pages of Graphene website for Visitors.  More, it reduces hops and latency.  Commonly a single request is less than 10 hops and takes less than 30ms. Data centers automatically cache the web site static files at their edge nodes so that these files are stored closer to Visitors, what allow to deliver the dynamic content directly from the web server.  CloudFlare uses the technology called 'Anycast' to route Visitors to the nearest data center.

Approximately two-thirds of the requests for sites in CloudFlare are served directly from the cache of a data center that is physically the closest to the person surfing the web. The fact that CloudFlare has data centers around the world means that whether you are in Atlanta, Sao Paulo or Vladivostok, web pages are delivered to you quickly, even if the original web server is thousands of kilometers away.   

The cooperation with CloudFlare allows us to provide faster and safe connection with Visitors, and the location of them almost doesn´t matter.  Further information here.


Graphene Registered Logo


July 17, 2013     

The "Industrial  Property  Bulletin" # 134/2013 of July 17, 2013, publication of the authority managing all request of patents and signs, namely the Portuguese Institute of Industrial Property, on its page 83 endorsed the worldwide registration of Graphene® company logo visible down.  The official communication to Graphene is available here.



Graphene is a bidimensional material (similar to the reticular structure visible above in the lower half of Graphene Lda. logo) consisting of a single layer of Carbonium atoms.  It was first time obtained a few decades ago by mean of nanotechnologies from slices of the more common graphite, a well known main component of pencils.   Layers  of graphene are arranged in a honeycomb structure.   It is the thinnest known material and, also, already one of the strongest.  At ambient temperature, it conducts electricity as efficiently as copper, but outperforms other materials as a conductor of heat. 

During tests at extremely low temperatures, in 2010, graphene's junctions outperformed approximately 100 000 times faster the switching speed of today universally admitted Silicium's junctions.  These last are what since 40 years let all of our Electronics' technological applications function, including the device used to read these notes.  This result made graphene the best candidate to replace Silicium-based transistors & junctions, wherever speed is critical.    

Laboratory instrumentation, computation, scientific research, aerospace, military & cryptologic applications are already on course. Graphene, being almost completely transparent, is so dense that even the smallest atom, Helium, cannot pass through it. Because of this feature, recently (2013)  there have  been built prototypal displays extremely thin.    

Readers interested to deeper insights on graphene, are suggested to link here directly Andre Geim - Nobel Lecture: Random Walk to Graphene in Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2013. Web. 19 Jul 2013.


Graphene®: an European Union Service Mark


April 23, 2013       

Graphene enterprise presented requests for registration for its own name & trademark to the "Office for the Harmonization of the Internal Market”, “OHIM”, of the European Union, based at Alicante, Spain.  A request extended to 31 countries, codified on the base of the  Nice classification.   OHIM attributed to the trademark the number 011799186 and published it on Aug. 20, 2013 on its Bulletin.  The Nice Classification is a short name for 'International Classification of Goods and Services' (ICGS) for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks established under the Agreement on Classifications (the Nice Agreement) designed for trademarks registration.

The EU classifies the activities of Graphene as Service categories:  EN-35,  EN-37,  EN-39,  EN-41 and EN-42.   The list of Service activities and related Technologies for which Graphene requested the Service Mark, adopting the OHIM updated wording of Nice Classification, accounts for:


Nice Classification:                    39

List of goods and services:       

  1. Bottling services.


Nice Classification:                    37

List of goods and services:      

  1. Providing advice relating to installation, maintenance and repair services; 
  2. providing information relating to the installation of electrical apparatus; 
  3. providing information relating to the installation of machinery; 
  4. providing information relating to the repair or maintenance of laboratory apparatus and instruments; 
  5. providing information relating to the repair or maintenance of measuring and testing machines; 
  6. providing information relating to the repair or maintenance of electronic machines and apparatus; 
  7. providing information relating to the repair or maintenance of optical machines and instruments; 
  8. providing information relating to repair and installation services; 
  9. repair information; installation and maintenance of electronic apparatus; 
  10. installation and maintenance of industrial plant and equipment; 
  11. installation, maintenance and repair of electronic control apparatus; 
  12. installation, maintenance and repair of quality control apparatus; 
  13. installation, maintenance and repair of measuring apparatus; 
  14. installation, maintenance and repair of measuring, signalling and monitoring apparatus and instruments; 
  15. installation, maintenance and repair of weighing apparatus; 
  16. installation, maintenance and repair of regulating, monitoring and control apparatus;
  17. installation, maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic apparatus and equipment; 
  18. installation, maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic measuring and testing apparatus and instruments; 
  19. installation, maintenance and repair of electrical devices; 
  20. installation, maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic apparatus for use in the field of automation; 
  21. installation, maintenance and repair of electronic monitoring apparatus; 
  22. installation, maintenance and repair of electronic data processing apparatus;
  23. installation, maintenance and repair of computer hardware for electronic data processing systems; 
  24. installation, maintenance and repair of hardware for data processing apparatus; 
  25. installation, maintenance and repair of packaging machines; 
  26. installation, maintenance and repair of container filling machines; 
  27. installation, maintenance and repair of filling machines; installation, maintenance and repair of printing machines; 
  28. installation, maintenance and repair of industrial machinery; 
  29. installation, maintenance and repair of automation systems; 
  30. maintenance of printing machines and digital printing systems; 
  31. maintenance of industrial machinery; repair of electrical equipment; 
  32. repair of industrial machinery; 
  33. repair and maintenance of electronic apparatus; 
  34. repair and maintenance of hardware for data processing apparatus; 
  35. repair and maintenance of electronic installations; 
  36. repair and maintenance of industrial machinery; 
  37. repair or maintenance of laboratory apparatus and instruments and providing information relating thereto; 
  38. repair or maintenance of electronic machines and apparatus; 
  39. repair or maintenance of optical machines and instruments and providing information relating thereto; 
  40. machinery retrofit and conversion services; 
  41. interference suppression in electrical apparatus.


Nice Classification:                          42

List of goods and services:             

  1. Analysis and evaluation of products and services with respect to possible future applications; 
  2. analysis and evaluation of product development; 
  3. scientific analysis; 
  4. updating of computer software; 
  5. calibration (measuring); 
  6. compilation of computer programs; 
  7. design of diagnostic apparatus and equipment; 
  8. design of computer hardware, software and computer peripherals; 
  9. design of machines, apparatus and instruments; 
  10. computer system design and analysis; 
  11. design and development of data entry systems; 
  12. design and development of testing and analysis methods; 
  13. design and development of new technology for others; 
  14. design and development of computer software for evaluation and calculation of data; 
  15. design, development, maintenance and updating of computer software for process control; 
  16. configuration, installation, fault diagnosis, repair, upgrading and maintenance of computer software; 
  17. consultancy relating to technical and scientific analysis; engineering and scientific consultancy; 
  18. consultancy relating to laboratory testing; quality control of goods; 
  19. providing technical advice in the field of scientific and industrial research; 
  20. providing information in the field of product design; 
  21. providing information in the field of product development; 
  22. inspection of goods for quality control; 
  23. installation, maintenance, updating and upgrading of computer software;
  24. research and development for others; 
  25. scientific research and development; 
  26. technical research; 
  27. provision of information and data relating to scientific and technological research and development; 
  28. computer programming for data processing;
  29. programming of data processing programs; 
  30. programming of computer software for evaluation and calculation of data;
  31. conducting of quality control tests; 
  32. conducting of quality control tests on goods and services; 
  33. scientific and technological services and research; 
  34. analysis and testing services relating to electrical engineering apparatus;
  35. industrial analysis services; 
  36. computer-aided industrial analysis services; 
  37. computer-aided industrial design, research, testing and analysis services;
  38. technical testing and quality control services; 
  39. research services for the development of new products; 
  40. technical measuring and testing services; 
  41. research, testing and analysis services; 
  42. technical measuring and testing laboratory services; 
  43. computer-aided scientific research services; 
  44. laboratory research and analysis services; 
  45. research and development services relating to measuring and regulating technology; 
  46. research, development, analysis and consultancy services in the field of engineering; 
  47. conducting sampling and analysis services to check for contamination;
  48. computer-aided testing services; 
  49. quality control testing and consultancy relating thereto; 
  50. quality control testing services for industrial machinery; 
  51. testing services for the certification of quality standards.


Nice Classification:                        35

List of goods and services:           

  1. Lifecycle costing; 
  2. cost price analysis regarding waste disposal, removal, handling and recycling.



Due to the fact that technological Services are those offered by Graphene to its Food & Beverage industrial Customers, the most appropriate term results Service Mark, abbreviated ℠, rather than the commonly seen Trade Mark, abbreviated ™.   

A differentiation outlined in the classification of the governamental entity corresponding to OHMI, on the opposite side of the Atlantic Ocean: the American USPTO: a brief introduction visible here.   

In USPTO words: 

“A service mark is a word, phrase, symbol or design, or a combination thereof, that identifies and distinguishes the source of a service rather than goods.  The term 'trademark' is often used to refer to both trademarks and service marks.”



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